What is Environmental Analysis?

An environmental analysis can be used to formulate a strategic plan. The process identifies all the external and internal factors that affect the performance of an organization. 

An Environment analysis involves determining the extent to which each element is a threat or an opportunity.

The results of these assessments are then incorporated into the decision-making process. As a result, the analysis enables strategies to be better aligned with a firm’s environment.

Our market is constantly changing. Time brings numerous new developments, and the entire scene can shift within seconds.

You cannot control certain variables. The majority of these factors, however, are outside of your control.

Environmental factors have a significant impact on businesses. A business’s success is dependent on a variety of factors that affect daily circumstances. Due to this, organizations must monitor their trading environment and market constantly.

Businesses have access to a variety of strategic analysis tools, but some are more prevalent than others.

PESTLE analysis is the most commonly used thorough analysis of the environment. Here is a bird’s eye view of the company’s behavior. 

Management and strategists use this study to determine the state of their markets. In addition, the report assists the organization in forecasting its future.

PESTLE analysis takes into account several factors affecting a business environment. Every letter in the acronym represents a unique set of variables. A number of these factors can have an impact on any industry, whether directly or indirectly.

PESTLE stands for:

  • Political Aspect
  • Economic Aspect
  • Social Aspect
  • Technological Aspect
  • Legal Aspect
  • Environmental Aspect

Politics, economics, social concerns, and technology are frequently the exclusive focus of managers. But then, they do a PEST analysis. The environmental analysis also includes PEST  analysis. The PESTLE analysis is brief.

What is the Purpose of Environmental Analysis?

The environments of successful firms include policies, processes, technology, and human resources that adapt to external realities. 

A company’s environmental analysis is used to determine the potential impact of various surroundings and characteristics on business operations.

A study like this provides insights into what opportunities and risks exist in a particular company’s business environment.

A business may examine the risks of operating in a communist country and the dangers posed by state-controlled resources. 

Furthermore, a business should consider the possibility that its primary suppliers may be in a country experiencing economic hardship, the implications of a government-controlled market as far as competing products, and the impact of a well-educated and well-nominated consumer base.

Why is Environmental Analysis Performed?

Corporate stewardship often entails assessing a company’s place in its surroundings. Although many businesses conduct informal SWOT analyses, a more formal assessment can ensure that the company remains current with changing trends and, if not, can point out minor improvements that can be made to get things back on track. 

A few people make the analogy of routine medical check-ups. However, most physicians recommend seeing their patients once a year, even when they feel well, and any company that is performing well should have its operations examined frequently.

Additionally, the process is critical for finding new opportunities, like new markets or the acquisition of new technologies. Finally, the continuous nature of the model also makes it an excellent tool for analyzing the financial potential of these methods.

Process of Environmental Analysis

The strengths and weaknesses of an organization allow it to capitalize on opportunities and reduce the likelihood of suffering injuries from environmental hazards. When a business does a business environment study, it identifies its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and risks.

The results of the environmental study then contribute to corporate planning and policymaking.

An environmental analysis is a three-step process in which an organization first identifies environmental issues affecting its operations. For example, a corporation may examine how difficult a market maybe if it is located in a remote area or adverse economic conditions are present there.

The corporation then collects information on an element of the environment that is most likely to affect its business operations. 

An organization might, for instance, explore government and industry publications and surveys detailing trade barriers that businesses encounter in specific countries.

Data on environmental components are used to forecast their impact on the commercial world. A corporation may, for example, estimate how many products will be sold in a country, given its current economic condition and significant trade barriers.

Steps Involved in Environmental Analysis


Identifying the factors that affect the company’s entity is the first step in strengthening its market position. The identification process occurs at many levels, including the corporate level, the market level, the national level, and the global level.


The scanning process is a vital step towards identifying the determinants of the company’s success, considering that all factors identified during the preceding step have an equal impact. It is possible to develop improvement strategies after identifying the critical components.


It is necessary to identify the impact of all environmental factors on various business levels and the enterprise as a whole at this step. Analyzing data is possible through benchmarking, Delphi analysis, and scenario development techniques.


A study of variables, their effects, and analysis must be followed by estimating their impact.

The environmental analysis process is based on a continuous scan of all forces affecting a company’s environment constantly and includes the entire horizon, rather than just one segment.

Advantage of Environmental Analysis

A thorough environmental analysis provides insight into employee performance, customer satisfaction, maintenance costs, and other factors, among others, to take corrective action if necessary. 

Additionally, external measurements assist in aligning initiatives with the goals of an organization.

The environmental analysis allows for early detection of risks, enabling the organization to design survival plans. 

Moreover, it identifies opportunities, such as new customers, new products, segments, and technologies, to outperform its competitors.

Limitations of Environmental Analysis

Business environment analysis examines current environmental factors for purposes of predicting future conditions.

Business plans cannot incorporate unforeseen environmental changes due to the static nature of the analysis. Furthermore, environmental analysis is only one type of information considered when a business develops a strategic plan.

The value of the analysis is also limited by the reliability and timeliness of the data used. Therefore, the study cannot guarantee a corporation’s success.

PESTLE of Environmental Analysis

Political Aspects of Environmental Analysis

The political climate in the country is taken into account. Furthermore, it examines how global political conditions influence the government and the company. The following questions should be asked in this phase: “What type of leadership influences the firm’s decision-making?”

You can investigate several political factors, including the following:

  • The stability of the government
  • Regulations for entry modes
  • Policies of the government
  • Tariffs and taxes

Economic Aspects of Environmental Analysis

All of the factors that influence the economy and its state can be considered economic considerations. All of these variables can determine the direction in which the economy will move. Businesses, therefore, evaluate this element based on the environment. It helps in developing plans that are responsive to change.

I’ve provided some factors that you might use to analyze how business is affected by economic issues below:

  • Employment statistics
  • Monetarists and fiscal policymakers
  • Inflation percentage
  • Interest rates
  • Rates of foreign exchange
  • Income available to buyers
  • Access to credit

Social Aspects of Environmental Analysis

Each country has its characteristics. Every country has its unique mindset. It is measurable how these attitudes affect enterprises. A social aspect may eventually affect product and service sales.

You should investigate the following social factors:

  • Household structures
  • Education levels
  • Culture’s impact
  • Demographics related to gender
  • Wealth Distribution
  • Lifestyles in society

Technological Aspect of Environmental Analysis

The pace of technological advancement is accelerating. It has a massive effect on businesses. You can stay current with changes by conducting an environmental analysis of these variables. Technological advancements take place every minute. 

Businesses must maintain constant connectivity for this reason. Firms should merge when necessary. You can determine how consumers react to different trends by examining technological variables.

The following factors can be beneficial to companies:

  • Technological advancement rate
  • Technological innovations
  • Obsolescence rate of technology
  • Recent discoveries

Legal Aspect of Environmental Analysis

Legislative changes take place periodically. These developments influence the business climate in several ways. 

The law that a regulatory authority sets for a given industry, for instance, will affect all businesses and industries within that economy. So, firms should keep an eye on local legal developments.

I have highlighted a few legal things you should know:

  • Infringements of patents
  • Regulations governing health and safety
  • Regulations for employees
  • Regulation of products
  • Regulation of the competitive environment

Environmental Aspects of Environmental Analysis

The location of a firm affects its operations. The impact of climate change on trade is real. A consumer’s reaction to specific offerings might also be an essential factor. This is most frequently the case for agricultural businesses.

You can investigate several aspects of the environment, including:

  • Geographic region
  • Weather conditions and climate
  • Waste disposal laws
  • Regulation of energy consumption
  • Environment-related attitudes of individuals

In addition to the extrinsic factors mentioned above, there are other factors as well. It is not possible to isolate any of these variables. Their relationship is based on mutual reliance.

In case you’re wondering how to conduct an environmental analysis, here are five steps you should follow:

It is necessary to understand all aspects of the environment before moving on to the next level.

  • Gather all relevant data.
  • Analyze the options available to your organization.
  • Identify the risks to your business.
  • And finally, take action.

There is no doubt that industry considerations have an impact on a business’s performance. 

The impact of many elements on your organization can be determined through environmental analysis. Firms can analyze external variables using PEST or PESTLE analyses. Many companies rely on these technologies to correctly forecast their company’s growth.

As a result of the assessments, key metrics such as revenue and profitability were revealed. Make sure you conduct an environmental analysis if you want to make the best business decisions. The type of analysis you should perform depends on the nature of your business.

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